What rights does a broadcasting organization enjoy?
Broadcasting organizations, which include radio and television stations, are considered related-right holders under international conventions such as the Rome Convention and the TRIPS Agreement. They are granted certain rights such as the right to broadcast, fix and reproduce works. These organizations have the authority to prevent other broadcasting organizations from broadcasting, recording or reproducing their broadcasts or television programs without obtaining prior permission.
To illustrate, suppose that TV station A is authorized to broadcast a particular sporting event. TV station B cannot rebroadcast the event originally broadcast by TV station A, nor can anyone else record and reproduce the event broadcasted by TV station A, without TV station A's authorization. (In some countries, consumers are allowed to make a single copy for personal, non-commercial use.) The TRIPS Agreement specifies a 20-year term of protection for these rights, although in some countries like China, the term of protection has been extended to 50 years.