Is the person whose name appears on a work necessarily the author?
Copyright ownership is established upon creating a work and registration is not required. Attribution of copyright ownership can be based on authorship, but it can be complicated when the actual creator's name is not affixed to the work. In such cases, evidence such as manuscripts, publications, or copyright registration certificates can be used to establish authorship. Copyright can also be transferred or assigned; the current copyright owner may not be the initial author. Therefore, it is crucial to consult national law to understand the legal procedures for transfers and assignments of copyright, as they may differ between jurisdictions.